Ledes from the Land of Enchantment

Supreme Court keeps immigration limits in place indefinitely

Venezuelan immigrants wake up on the banks of the Rio Grande in Ciudad Juárez Wednesday morning before they cross to seek asylum in the United States. (Roberto E. Rosales/Journal)

Immigrants bang on a gate at the border in an attempt to get the attention of border patrol agents while waiting on the US side of the international border Tuesday morning. (Roberto E. Rosales/Journal)

Immigrants turn themselves into US Border Patrol agents in El Paso, Texas after crossing the Rio Grande from Ciudad Juárez, Mexico, to seek asylum in the United States. (Roberto E. Rosales/)

Venezuelan immigrants appeal to a border patrol agent after the Texas National Guard set up razor wire to control crowds at the US side of the border in El Paso, Texas. (Roberto E. Rosales/Journal)

A resident of Ciudad Juárez, Mexico, rides his bike along the banks of the Rio Grande in Ciudad Juárez, Mexcio, on Dec. 20, 2022. (Roberto E. Rosales/Journal)

A Family from Venezuela crosses the Rio Bravo in Ciudad Juárez, Mexico to seek asylum in the United States on Monday, Dec. 19, 2022. (Roberto E. Rosales/)

Texas National Guard reinforce the US-Mexico border, Tuesday, Dec. 20, 2022, in EL Paso, Texas along the Rio Grande in a bid to prevent immigrants seeking asylum from entering the country. (Roberto E. Rosales/)

A Venezuelan asylum seeker, carries his 4 month-old baby across the Rio Bravo, Monday evening. Dec 19, 2022, in Ciudad Juarez, Mexico. (Roberto E. Rosales/)

Members of the Texas National Guard deploy along the banks of the Rio Grande in El Paso, Texas, Tuesday, Dec. 20, 2022. (Roberto E. Rosales/)

Members of the Texas National Guard is scene from Ciudad Juarez, Mexico, as they deploy along the banks of the Rio Bravo in El Paso, Texas on Tuesday, Dec, 20, 2022. (Roberto E. Rosales/)

Eduardo, seen on the right with his wife and children, thinks about crossing the Rio Bravo, Monday, Dec. 19, 2022 in Ciudad Juarez, Mexico. A father of six, Eduardo had to choose which kids to bring on the trip from Venezuela. He left his country four months ago. While resting in the Mexican town of Verarcruz, one of his youngest kid was almost kidnapped. (Roberto E. Rosales/)

Asylum seekers watch the World Cup Finals in Ciudad Juarez, Mexico on Sunday, Dec, 18, 2022. All were pulling for Argentina and felt the cup should go to South America. (Roberto E. Rosales/)

A woman from Nicaragua receives help from other immigrants as they attempt to cross into the US from Ciudad Juarez, Mexico on Monday, Dec. 20, 2022. (Roberto E. Rosales/)

Members of the Texas National Guard reenforce the US-Mexico Border in El Paso, Texas along the banks of the Rio Bravo, Dec, 20, 2022, pictured from Ciudad Juarez, Mexico. (Roberto E. Rosales/)

WASHINGTON (AP) — The Supreme Court is keeping pandemic-era limits on immigration in place indefinitely, dashing hopes of immigration advocates who had been anticipating their end this week.

In a ruling Tuesday, the Supreme Court extended a temporary stay that Chief Justice John Roberts issued last week. Under the court’s order, the case will be argued in February and the stay will be maintained until the justices decide the case.

The limits were put in place under then-President Donald Trump at the beginning of the pandemic. Under the restrictions, officials have expelled asylum-seekers inside the United States 2.5 million times and turned away most people who requested asylum at the border on grounds of preventing the spread of COVID-19. The restrictions are often referred to as Title 42 in reference to a 1944 public health law.

“We are deeply disappointed for all the desperate asylum seekers who will continue to suffer because of Title 42, but we will continue fighting to eventually end the policy,” said Lee Gelernt, a lawyer with the American Civil Liberties Union which had been arguing to end Title 42’s use.

Immigration advocates sued to end the use of Title 42, saying the policy goes against American and international obligations to people fleeing to the US to escape persecution. They’ve also argued that the policy is outdated as coronavirus treatments improve.

A federal judge sided with them in November and set a Dec. 21 deadline to end the policy. Conservative-leaning states appealed to the Supreme Court, warning that an increase in migration would take a toll on public services and cause an “unprecedented calamity” that they said the federal government had no plan to deal with.

Roberts, who handles emergency matters that come from federal courts in the nation’s capital, issued a stay to give the court time to more fully consider both sides’ arguments.

The federal government asked the Supreme Court to reject the states’ effort while also acknowledging that ending the restrictions abruptly would likely lead to “disruption and a temporary increase in unlawful border crossings.”

The Supreme Court’s decision comes as thousands of migrants have gathered on the Mexican side of the border, filling shelters and worrying advocates who are scrambling to figure out how to care for them.

The precise issue before the court is a complicated, largely procedural question of whether the states should be allowed to intervene in the lawsuit, which had pitted advocates for the migrants against the federal government. A similar group of states won a lower court order in a different court district preventing the end of the restrictions after the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention announced in April that it was ending use of the policy.

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Until the judge’s November order in the advocates’ lawsuit, the states had not sought to take part in that case. But they say that the administration has essentially abandoned its defense of the Title 42 policy and they should be able to step in. The administration has appealed the ruling, though it has not tried to keep Title 42 in place while the legal case plays out.

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Splits contributed from San Diego.

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